Types of MCS devices
MCS devices are either short-term temporary or long-term durable devices. The right device is chosen based on the symptoms of the patient and the seriousness of their condition.
Short-term devices are used to support patients during recovery or allow time for doctors to provide a prognosis and guide treatment. Temporary MCS devices include the Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP), Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) and Impella devices.
Long-term devices provide long-term support for months to years. These are implantable devices. Ventricular assist devices (VAD), like left ventricular assist device (LVAD), right ventricular assist device and biventricular assist device (BiVAD), and total artificial heart are types of long-term MCS devices.
Who needs an MCS device?
Patients in heart failure are candidates for a heart transplant. While they are on the waiting list, some individuals may need short-term MCS support prior to the heart transplant.