Biventricular Assist Device (BiVAD)

A biventricular assist device (BiVAD) is an implantable pump designed to help the heart when both sides of the heart are failing. Under extreme circumstances, a person may need assistance in pumping blood from both the right and left ventricle. When a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and a right ventricular assist device (RVAD) are used in combination, it is called a BiVAD.

Who needs a BiVAD?

A person in severe heart failure may need a BiVAD. A BiVAD may be necessary to keep the heart working during or after heart surgery until recovery, as a bridge to transplant or a permanent treatment for heart failure.

What are the risks?

Major surgery increases the risk of blood clots forming during or after surgery. These clots can break free and result in a pulmonary embolism or a stroke. Other risks of this surgery include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Device failure
  • Arrhythmia
  • An infection in the heart tissue
  • Kidney failure
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